The paper 'Race Segregation Issue' is an excellent example of a research paper on social science.
This is the practice of restricting a certain group of people into specific areas of residence. This could be institutions such as schools, restaurants, and churches or even public facilities such as playgrounds, restrooms, and parks (Bell and Robert 12). This is mostly done on the basis of their race. This is inhuman as some groups are treated to be more superior to others. The superior groups are given an economic advantage over the other.
Statement on the background
Currently, racial segregation is mostly employed by the white population who reside in different parts of the world. Their main aim is to retain ascendancy over the other groups. However, there are some historical conquerors that have made it go against all the faces of race segregation in history (Blight 16). These include the Asian Mongols and African Bantu.
Racial segregation has occurred in almost all parts of the world. This mostly happens in the areas where there are multiracial communities. An exception could be in parts of the world where racial amalgamation has happened. Good examples could be in Brazil and Hawaii (Darden 8). In these two countries, only social discrimination exists. There exist different social groups that have different economic backgrounds. Some groups can access better facilities and services than others.
Description of the extent of the problem
Racial discrimination against black people has evolved over the centuries. In 1619, slavery in America was at the top-notch where Africans were taken to North America to work on plantations for commercial farming. According to experts, a million slaves were taken to America during that time. This was the strongest generation of people from African countries. Most of these slaves worked on their plantations where commercial farming was practiced. Others worked in their households as servants. In most areas, they faced harsh treatment as they were hardly paid, and they lived under poor conditions in their places of work. This had many implications on their families back at home as they lived in abject poverty.
However, in 1861 during the civil war opened a new door for the end of slavery as first slaves were freed. Rather, most of them were killed as they were recruited to join the army (American Civil Liberties Union 1). Mostly, there were taken to colonies where the white people colonized. This war had a positive implication as it shaped the future of black people in America.
After the end of slavery, millions of black people were granted freedom. A number of amendments were made including giving the black people the right to vote. However, white people were not happy, and they made some new amendments to the laws of the land. Black people were treated unequally in South America. This led to the birth of segregation in the country (Leiker 2).
Black people were treated equally with the white people but color-separated them. This was clearly evident in public places as there were post signs that showed specific places that were designated for white people. A good example was the restrooms and bathrooms that were separated from both white and black people (American Civil Liberties Union 1). Even in learning institutions, black people had their schools as they could not be admitted in some schools where the white people learned. Race discrimination is an inhuman act as no human is superior to the other.
Further, black people faced discrimination even in the areas of residence. They had their places of residence in different parts of the city. Even highways from those areas were constructed so that they do not mingle and interact with the white people. After the laws had been amended, black people were given mortgages with lower interests. This faced much opposition from the white people especially since the ruled the majority in the federal government.
A possible solution to the problem
Racial segregation led to many protests in America as black people were mistreated and mishandled because of their color. Later in the century, the civil rights act was formulated. The main purpose of the act was to protect the rights of black people against discrimination (American Civil Liberties Union 1). The act prohibited black people from segregation in learning institutions, public places and in their employment. Before, black people suffered a lot as they could not enjoy the same benefits as white people. Moreover, black people could not even get some employment opportunities as they were deemed to be inferior.
Further, the act allowed equal voting rights for the black people in the country. This was achieved by eliminating the biased registration requirements that prohibited black people from enjoying all these benefits. After, this revolution, black people could even be employed by the state government (Lewis and David 3). The breakthrough was when President Barrack Obama was elected to be the president of the United States of America.
There are potential solutions to end racial segregation, but most analysts believe that it will take much time to end it. To start with, a number of organizations could be formed that will help create awareness in the community through both public and private institutions where racial segregation is most evident. These organizations will help people to champion their rights against discrimination (Massey and Nancy 10). These organizations should visit learning institutions and educate young people n how race segregation started and how it can be avoided now and in the future.
In my opinion, the civil rights act should b fully implemented in all states n the country. This will give all black people in the country equal rights as white people. One of the powerful tools that the civil right has given the black people is the voting right (Vander 22). This is evident with the president Barrack Obama being the president of the United States of America.
The federal government should ensure that racial segregation has been eliminated fully in all learning institutions where both the black and white people take part in various activities (Pilling 2). The federal government in different states should also take up this and employ people of all races in various departments. This will act as a good example to all other companies and organizations operating in the country, in general.
However, people should be enlightened of their rights despite their race, whether black or white. This will be achieved successfully by creating awareness of their rights. The government also has a role to play in formulating policies that will ensure equality of all, especially in public institutions. Human rights movements also played an important role in creating awareness on the grounds against which black people were discriminated against, and the government should come to their rescue through the implementation of the formulated policies.
Additionally, learning institutions should also teach the students the negative impacts of racial segregation and how they should avoid it by all means as all people are equal despite their color. Finally, media is a useful tool that can be used to communicate and campaign against race segregation (Warren 36). It should at the forefront of educating the general public that all people are equal despite their color. When all these actions and policies are fully implemented, I believe that racial segregation against black people will be fully eliminated in modern society especially in this century and time.
American Civil Liberties Union. “Timeline: A History of the Voting Rights.” Aclu.org. Web. 27 March 2015.
Bell, Derrick, and Robert J. Haws. The Age of Segregation: Race Relations in the South, 1890- 1945: Essays. Jackson: University Press of Mississippi, 1978. Print.
Blight, David W. Race, and Reunion: The Civil War in American Memory. Cambridge, Mass: Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, 2001. Print.
Darden, Joe T. "The Significance of Race and Class in Residential Segregation." Journal of Urban Affairs. 8.1 (1986). Print.
Leiker, James N. "Race Relations in the Sunflower State." Kansas History. 25.3 (2002). Print.
Lewis, Gregory B, and David C. Nice. "Race, Sex, and Occupational Segregation in State and Local Governments." American Review of Public Administration. 24.4 (1994). Print.
Massey, Douglas S, and Nancy A. Denton. American Apartheid: Segregation and the Making of the Underclass. Cambridge, Mass: Harvard University Press, 1993. Print.
Pilling, Patricia L. "Segregation: Cottage Rental in Michigan." Phylon, the Atlanta University Review of Race and Culture. (1964). Print.
Vander, Zanden J. W. Race Relations in Transition: The Segregation Crisis in the South. New York: Random House, 1965. Print.
Warren, Robert P. Segregation: The Inner Conflict in the South. New York: Random House, 1956. Print.